Durkheim introduced the terms "mechanical" and "organic solidarity" as part of his theory of the development of societies in The Division of Labour in Society
How to Write a Summary of an Article? More importantly, it creates a feeling of solidarity among the people. This fact certainly depends on causes that are likewise constant, causes that we shall investigate.
IN short, there occurs between them a coalescence that renders the social substance free to enter upon new combinations. Through it, the individual becomes aware of his dependence upon society; from it come the forces which keep him in check and restrain him.
In short, since the division of labor becomes the chief source of social solidarity, it becomes, at the same time, the foundation of the moral order. To be a person is to be an autonomous source of action.
Man acquires this quality only in so far as there is something in him which is his alone and which individualizes him, as he is something more than a simple incarnation of the generic type of his race and his group.
The division of labor itself contributes to this enfranchisement, for individual natures, while specializing, become more complex, and by that are in part freed from collective action and hereditary influences which can only enforce themselves upon simple, general things. The most visible example of social solidarity that Durkheim mentioned was law.
Law is the organization of social life in its most stable and precise form. The classification of law depends on the type of solidarity corresponds to it. The first type of law is the repressive law which imposes a fine or injury on the perpetrator.
The second one is the restitutory laws which refer to restoring the previous relationship which have been disturbed from before the crime was committed. Repressive law tends to stay diffused througout the society, restitutory law works through more specialized bodies like in courts, magistrates and lawyers.
The formation of a contract directly concerns the parties involved: If society does not give its blessing to the obligations that have been contracted, then these obligations are reduced to only moral promises. Hence the presence of society in restitutory law, although not necessarily felt, is nonetheless essential.
Mechanical Solidarity or solidarity by similarities, it is deeply rooted in everyone doing or feeling the same thing. It is the type of solidarity that is associated with repressive laws that corresponds to crimes resulting in repressive punishments. Durkheim pointed out in his book that how the repressive or penal rules demonstrates the strength of resistance of collective response to a crime.
Durkheim maintained that this type of solidarity is characteristic of small, traditional societies. Indeed, in small, traditional societies, specialization in one task to the exclusion of others is not possible because the society depends on each individual providing a host of contributions to the group.
For instance, men, women, and children are often all needed to pick crops at harvest time, and all partake in the harvest-time celebrations as well.
Durkheim argued that a significant social consequence of the shared work experience characteristic of traditional societies is a shared collective conscience. Yet, Durkheim saw that in large, complex societies, this type of solidarity was waning.
In large, modern societies, labor is specialized; people do not necessarily all engage in the same work or share the same ideas and beliefs.
There can be only one reason for this: First, recall that crimes are those things that affect the common consciousness: That punishing criminal activity reinforces the common consciousness.
In a small town, everyone talks about the criminal scandal. Just like when horrible things happen in the news, we respond. By discussing the crime and punishment with people we know, we reinforce our opinion about the immorality of the action.
Historically, crimes were judged by the WHOLE people, then as society progressed, certain samples of people and judges took the place of the whole.Below is an essay on "The Differences Between ‘Mechanical Solidarity’ and ‘Organic Solidarity’." from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
In this essay I will discuss the differences between mechanical and organic solidarity/5(1). In his earlier work, Durkheim stated that strong systems of common belief characterize mechanical solidarity in primitive types of society, and that organic solidarity, resulting from the progressive increase in the division of labor and hence increased mutual dependence, needed fewer common beliefs to tie members to this rutadeltambor.com › Home › Coursework › Coursework e › Emile Durkheim.
As part of his theory of the development of societies in, The Division of Labour in Society (), sociologist Emile Durkheim characterized two categories of societal solidarity: organic and rutadeltambor.com://rutadeltambor.com Some of the areas which Emile Durkheim’s discussed were the anomie, division of labour, suicide, religion and mechanical and organic solidarity (Macdonald, ).
Emile Durkheim believed that mechanical solidarity was based on moral consensus which traditional societies are rutadeltambor.com://rutadeltambor.com Durkheim’s organic solidarity ideas of division of labour and specialization, anomie and functionalism provide us with some insight into why people feel the need to deal illicit rutadeltambor.com://rutadeltambor.com “Organic solidarity” is solidarity based on differentiation.
According to Durkheim, it grows out of the division of labor, but only if the latter happens “spontaneously.” Social inequality creates obstacles to such spontaneity because it distorts prices, such that they are perceived as unjust, and it undermines equality of rutadeltambor.com://rutadeltambor.com