Parenthetical documentation in research papers

What in the world is that? It is way to let people know where your information comes from.

Parenthetical documentation in research papers

Literacy Education Online MLA Parenthetical Documentation In MLA style, in-text citations, called parenthetical citations, are used to document any external sources used within a document unless the material cited is considered general knowledge.

The parenthetical citations direct readers to the full bibliographic citations listed in the Works Cited, located at the end of the document. In most cases, the parenthetical citations include the author's last name and the specific page number for the information cited.

Here are general guidelines for in-text citations, including use of authors' namesplacement of citationsand treatment of electronic sources. Always mention the author's name—either in the text itself or in the parenthetical citation—unless no author is provided.

If the author's name is mentioned in the text If the author's name is used in the text introducing the source material, then cite the page number s in parentheses: Branscomb argues that "it's a good idea to lurk i.

If the author's name is not mentioned in the text If the author's name is not used in the sentence introducing the source material, then include the author's last name in the parenthetical citation before the page number s.

Note that no comma appears between the author's name and the page number s. The modern world requires both the ability to concentrate on one thing and the ability to attend to more than one thing at a time: If there is more than one work by the same author If a document uses more than one work by an individual author, include an abbreviated form of the title of the work in addition to the author's name and relevant page number s.

Separate the author's name and the title with a comma: Hypertextuality makes text borderless as it "redefines not only beginning and endings of the text but also its borders—its sides, as it were" Landow, Hypertext 2.

If two authors have the same last name If the document uses two sources by authors with the same last name, include the author's first name in the text or the parenthetical citation: Tom Peters talks about a company that facilitates employees' renewal by shutting down its factory for several hours per week while teams work through readings on current business topics If there are two or three authors If a source has two or three authors, place all of the authors' last names in the text or in the parenthetical citation: A team can be defined as "a small number of people with complementary skills who are committed to a common purpose, performance goals, and approach for which they hold themselves mutually accountable" Katzenbach and Smith If there are four or more authors If a source has four or more authors, include the first author's last name followed by et al.

Latin for and otherseither in the text or in the parenthetical citation.

MLA In-Text Citations: The Basics

You can also name all of the authors: If the source has a corporate author If a source has a corporate author, include the author's name and the page s. If the corporate author's name is long, it should be included in the text rather than the parentheses:In a report or research paper, documentation is the evidence provided (in the form of endnotes, footnotes, and entries in bibliographies) for information and ideas borrowed from others.

That evidence includes both primary sources and secondary sources. There are numerous documentation styles and. MLA Style, developed by the Modern Language Association, is the system of documentation used in the fine arts and humanities.

This system is presented in detail in two books by Joseph Gibaldi: The MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (Sixth Edition, New York: Modern Language Association, ) and the MLA Style Guide to .

The second is the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, fifth edition (Gibaldi) which can be found in most libraries including CRLS. Go to the section on "Documentation: Citing sources in the Text".

MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities.

Parenthetical documentation in research papers

This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8 th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.

Paraphrasing is widely used in research papers and argumentative essays, showing your supervisors you understand a source text well and may reformulate it and find and emphasize its main points. How to correctly document different types of sources using MLA Parenthetical Documentation: Author(s) name, Multivolume works, Classic literary.

MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8 th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.

MLA Style | Modern Language Association