The effects and consequences of the fetal alcohol spectrum disorders

Treatment for children GPs can refer children with FAS and FASD to community paediatricians who are likely to investigate problems further with psychologists, psychiatrists, speech and language therapists and specialists for organ defects. These include mental health and alcohol and drug problems.

The effects and consequences of the fetal alcohol spectrum disorders

Where can people find more information about fetal alcohol syndrome? Among women aged 15 to 44 who were not pregnant, Most alcohol use by pregnant women occurred during the first trimester.

Alcohol use was lower during the second and third trimesters than during the first 4. These findings suggest that many pregnant women are getting the message and not drinking alcohol. Infants of mothers who drank during pregnancy may experience a spectrum of consequences that range from "fetal alcohol effects" FAEalcohol-related birth defects ARBDand fetal alcohol syndrome FAS.

Fetal alcohol syndrome - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

Fetal alcohol syndrome is regarded as the most severe. Some children sustain no obvious side effects of maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy. What is fetal alcohol syndrome?

Share Your Story To establish the diagnosis of fetal alcohol syndrome, specific criteria must be met. These criteria will be further described later in this article. What causes fetal alcohol syndrome?

Alcohol is rapidly transported via placental blood flow from mother to fetus and is known to cause miscarriage and birth defects. Within two hours of maternal ingestion, fetal alcohol blood levels are similar to maternal alcohol blood levels. There is no established relationship between the amount of alcohol consumed and side effects sustained by the infant.

This puzzling observation may reflect the maternal rate of alcohol breakdown via her liver. It has been observed that alcohol consumed at any time during pregnancy may be associated with severe and permanent consequences. First trimester pregnancy alcohol ingestion is linked to the characteristic facial abnormalities of FAS as well as a reduction of intrauterine growth rate.

Alcohol consumption during the second trimester also contributes to lower IQ, growth retardation in length and birth weight, as well as cognitive deficits of reading, spelling, and math. Third trimester alcohol consumption amplifies retardation in birth length and ultimate adult height potential.

Although there are many different types of therapy for children with developmental disabilities, only a few have been scientifically tested specifically for children with FASDs.

Following are behavior and education therapies that have been shown to be effective for some children with FASDs: Friendship training Many children with FASDs have a hard time making friends, keeping friends, and socializing with others.

Friendship training teaches children with FASDs how to interact with friends, how to enter a group of children already playing, how to arrange and handle in-home play dates, and how to avoid and work out conflicts.

Specialized math tutoring A research study found that special teaching methods and tools can help improve math knowledge and skills in children with FASDs. Executive functioning training This type of training teaches behavioral awareness and self-control and improves executive functioning skills, such as memory, cause and effect, reasoning, planning, and problem solving.

Parent-child interaction therapy This type of therapy aims to improve parent-child relationships, create a positive discipline program, and reduce behavior problems in children with FASDs. Parents learn new skills from a coach.

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS): Learn the Symptoms and Signs

A research study found significant decrease in parent distress and child behavior problems. This training can improve caregiver comfort, meet family needs, and reduce child problem behaviors.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention What are risk factors for fetal alcohol syndrome?Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are a group of conditions that can occur in a person whose mother drank alcohol during pregnancy.

These effects can include physical problems and problems with behavior and learning. Often, a person with an FASD has a mix of these problems.

FASDs are caused. FASlink Fetal Alcohol Disorders Society provides research, information, support and communications on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders FASD, FAS, pFAS, ARND, ARBD, SEAE. The FASlink Archives contain more than , FASD related documents and the FASlink Discussion Forum is a key information and support resource.

FASDs are % preventable if a woman does not drink alcohol during pregnancy. There is no known safe amount of alcohol to drink while pregnant. There is also no safe time during pregnancy to drink and no safe kind of alcohol.

Over the years, a number of terms have been used to describe these alcohol-attributed effects, including partial FAS, fetal alcohol effects, alcohol-related birth defects, and alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorders, with the Institute of Medicine providing some standardization in their report (Stratton et .

These disabilities are known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs).

The effects and consequences of the fetal alcohol spectrum disorders

Children with FASDs might have the following characteristics and behaviors: Abnormal facial features, such as a smooth ridge between the nose and upper lip (this ridge is called the philtrum). Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), various congenital abnormalities in the newborn infant that are caused by the mother’s ingestion of alcohol about the time of conception or during alcohol syndrome is the most-severe type of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).

The syndrome appears to result from the effects of ethyl alcohol .

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome - American Pregnancy Association