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Duke University Press has been it s publisher since It has never been out of print. For those who still find it a good read, I of fer this free electronic supplemental text and bibliographical essay. These Notes are a report on my research and thinking about the Klan and what the historians have added to our kn owledge and understanding of that story over the past 50 years.
They bring up-to-da te that account of the counter-revolution against Reconstruction in the post-Civil War South, of the Klans glory days in the s, its survival during the Great Depressi on, its wars against blacks and unions, and its policing of fellow whites in the southeastern United States, particularly Georgia, Alabama, and Florida, up th rough the U.
Supreme Court school desegregation decisions of the s. In the s, the Klan challenged the civil rights movement in the southern streetsand lost. I have added this story an d an account of the long wait for justice in Mississippi.
The decision of the Mississippi Valley Historic al Association which was to become the Organization of American Historians to desegregate its meetings meant that Lexington, Kentucky, was the furthest South it could go.
The Southern Political Science Association turned to federal land for a non-discriminatory site, and in the s met each year in the Great Smoky Mo untains National Park resort town of Gatlinburg, population 1, The Southern Historical Associations own integration struggles, within its membership, with state segregation laws, and with the convention hotels merited a Fifty-Year Commemoration infeaturing Fred A.
Such efforts faced the problems of where black scholars could stay and eat, and the impropriety of a black person seated at a raised head table looking down on white members. Inafter much ma neuvering, Memphiss Peabody Hotel permitted Dr.
Benjamin Mays, the distingu ished president of Atlantas Morehouse University, to dine, although he could not stay at the hotel.
As Professor Franklin, who was to be come the President of the Southern Historical Association, related in his auto biography, when he went to New Yorks Brooklyn College as the first African Americ an history chair of a major university, his experience with New York re altors was similarly difficult.
In what was generally believed to be a criticism of his Jewish colleagues, Brid enbaugh lamented that the profession was being infiltrated by outsiders of our pa st, urban-bred historians of lower middleclass or foreign origins who did not understand people raised in the countryside or in small towns.
As with the history of slavery, a new generation of historians has rewritten the history of Reconstruction. Of the writing on the Reconstruction era, two books published since W.
DuBois all-too-long ignored epic Black Reconstruction: Allen Treleases White Terror: The 13 volumes of the U. Allen Trelease carefully mined it along with all other imaginable sources to produce his magisterial history of the Klan.
Probably most historians will favor Eric Foners Reconstruction as the best starting place for an overall view. Skilled historians have focused on spec ific states and topi cs. Alabama, studied how planters used the Klan to keep blacks on thei r plantations and how upcountry Klansmen sought to drive them away.
Inone of the Klans founders, J. Lester joined with D. The Klan has almost as many birthdays as historians, Allen Tr elease wrote in the first footnote to the first chapter of White Terror [p.
The Klan held a first anniversary parade in Pu laski on June 5,Trelease reported. Influenced by Natalie Zemon Davis, cultural historians have written about th e Klan as the violent theatrics of a charivari culture, exemplified by Elaine Frantz Parsons, Midnight Rangers: After four long years of destruction and death, the Civil War was over.
It had taken more than six hundred thousand livesNorth and South. After years of slavery, three and a half million former black slaves were now free. Mostly without land, resources, or education, they began the effort to take part in the civil life of the South.
Black people numbered more than a third of the Souths population, a majority in South Carolina, Mississippi, and Louisiana.
Combined with southern whites who had opposed secession and resisted planter do minance, they became the Republican Party in an under-policed, semi-militarized region, much of it devastated and impoverished, the labor system overturned and a white population that believed that blacks were inferi or and feared them as lustful and dangerous.
The conditions of the occupation were not greatly onerous.
Bythere were no more than 7, soldiers in the former Confederate states. Except for brief periods of martial law, civil government and the court systems functioned, though seldom in the interests of the Negro.Three Florida high school studentsare facing punishment after wearing Klu Klux Klan costumes to school Thursday.
Pictures of the Wiregrass Ranch High School students dressed in white sheets with. The Klu Klux Klan recruits in El Paso In the summer of , the KKK showed up in El Paso. Considering the local conditions at the time, it was q The Ku Klux Klan has embarked on a recruitment campaign in upstate New York state in recent weeks and months, dropping off packets of white supremacist propaganda and sweetening the material with bars of Snickers in an initiative seemingly aimed at young people.
Tang, Dalena. “A look behind the Masks: The ’s Ku Klux Klan in Monticello, Arkansas”. 11 November In this paper I wrote about the Klu Klux Klan and what happened, why and other significant information about it.
Klux Klan An analysis of magic in macbeth by william shakespeare in Indiana, the klu klux klans recuitment of el paso in an analysis of important features in user centered design Early episodes were Help with writing essays for college applications broadcast from the El Mirador Hotel in Palm Springs.
On August 8, , more than 50, members of the Ku Klux Klan paraded through Washington, D.C. Some walked in lines as wide as 20 abreast, while others created formations of the letter K or a.