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Pages Essay on Machiavelli and The Prince Essay on Machiavelli and The Prince Political theory is continuously changing and political writers are continuously adapting to these changes.
New political writers have either added to theories previously developed or have completely contradicted these theories and created a new way of thinking. More often than not, philosophers have added to existing theories and in doing so kept them contemporary.
While this is the most common kind of change that occurs, there are some who have been bold enough to question the validity of existing theories.
One such person was Niccolo Machiavelli who contradicted the ideas and methodology of many well respected philosophers. He claims the purpose is to provide his prince, Lorenzo, with a guide as to how to become a successful and powerful ruler.
In reality, however, Machiavelli knows that Lorenzo is not the person who will become a great Prince.
In turn this book becomes a general guide which is written for someone who will one day prove to be the person who The prince machiavelli thesis be a great ruler.
This guide insinuates that the only thing that should be considered important to a prince is the obtaining and maintaining of power. Machiavelli views the people as an inert mass that must be molded by the prince as the singular desire of people is to acquire.
Machiavelli believes that a good prince must use this knowledge of the people to his advantage.
The central theme of The Prince is that power is not only one of many things that exist but, in fact, it is the only thing that exists. It is in this chapter that we find one of the most important passages in the book which states: Hence, it is necessary for a prince, if he wishes to maintain himself, to learn to be able to be not good, and to use it and not use it according to the necessity.
In the first part of this passage we see that Machiavelli disregards all other possible principates or republics that had been introduced by previous philosophers. Augustine in The City of God and thus, he is implying that what has been said before him cannot be achieved and is unrealistic in theory.
Machiavelli believed that since there is such a distance between these two that we should only regard the way things are and forget about how they ought to be. If we strive to do things in the way that most believe it should be done then it will cause us, as well as the Prince, to lose power.
Since people were not good by nature, he believed that a Prince should take any action whether it is regarded as virtuous or not, which will aid him in the long run.
Since people are not good by nature they will not be grateful regardless of how good and virtuous the Prince is. As Machiavelli makes clear, if a prince is always virtuous then he will not be feared and the people will ask more of him and eventually ask for more than he is willing to give; in essence, they will begin to hate him.
The principles which Machiavelli seems committed to in this passage are those of prudence, virtue and human nature. He has suggested throughout the book that in order to be a good prince, one must be prudent and know when and how to act.
If a prince is to be successful in obtaining and keeping power he must be virtuous but in the sense that he must act in a way that will get him what he wants. If this is achieved than the actions taken would have been virtuous according to Machiavellian theory.
He believes that people are not good by nature and are selfish in their desires.
Their greatest desire being that of acquiring and to a Prince it is this desire which must be use to instill fear in the people in order to keep them loyal, since the main thing people fear is losing what they have.
The explanation Machiavelli gives in order to justify his comment on why previous principates and republics would never have been able to be established contradicts what some philosophers have believed for many years regarding human nature and virtue.
He immediately brings up the fact that people do not live how they should and this is what would be necessary in order to create the republics and principates of previous philosophers. Instead, Machiavelli suggests that virtuousness should not be measured in regards to what should be but what is.
If one aims to please everyone, because that is what is believed to be virtuous, than he will only harm himself in the long run.
Machiavelli believed this to be true because, according to him, humans are not good by nature but, in fact, humans are selfish and this is what is behind all human action; to help your self.
Thus, what was regarded as virtue before is no longer the virtue to Machiavelli, instead what was once vice can now be regarded as virtue. For example, before Machiavelli generosity was seen as a virtue and the opposite to this, which is miserliness, would have been the vice.
However, Machiavelli puts forth the idea that miserliness can be virtue if in the end it is the cause for reaching your goal.The Prince by Niccolò Machiavelli Written c.
, published Translated by W. K. Marriott Rendered into HTML by Jon Roland of the Constitution Society Table of Contents. Chapter I: How Many Kinds Of Principalities There Are, And By What Means They Are Acquired: Chapter II.
Rather, goodwill is a political instrument to ensure the stability of the prince’s reign. Free Will Machiavelli often uses the words “prowess” and “fortune” to describe two . The Prince 2 Nicolo Machiavelli CHAPTER II Concerning Hereditary Principalities WILL leave out all discussion on republics, inasmuch as in another place I have written of them at length, 1 and will address myself only to principalities.
Machiavelli The Prince Summary Posted on June 2, by EssayShark Do you support the statement from the book that stability and power are the only qualities that matter in the evaluation of governments? Jun 04, · Order your Discussion on Machiavelli's The Prince paper at affordable prices with rutadeltambor.com!
In Niccolo Machiavelli’s the Prince, he is conveying to the reader and also to the Medici family, his views on how Princes should run their states. Aug 16, · The question is: "Discuss and analyze Machiavelli's statement suggesting that a ruler should behave both like a lion and like a fox" This is what I have so far: "A prince should behave like a lion and a fox, because it's necessary for him to maintain his power."Status: Resolved.