University of North Texas Description This study explores distinct levels of meaning from images of picture books perceived by 3- to 5-year-old children and investigates how the certain visual perception factors influence children's meaning making and if these factors are correlated. The literature review supports associations among visual perception, information, picture books, meaning, and children. Visual perception serves as the first channel that filters and interprets visual information, and picture books provide visual and verbal experience for children, who constantly search for meaning.
Where are the joints of the mind? Easily, the most natural and robust distinction between types of mental processes is that between perception and cognition. In contrast to the traditional "modular" understanding of perception, according to which visual processing is "cognitively impenetrable" and is encapsulated from higher-level cognition, a tidal wave of recent research alleges that visual perception is directly influenced by higher-level factors including belief, desire, emotion, intention, action, categorization, and language.
Such reports surged previously during the so-called New Look movement in psychology in the s, and have skyrocketed in recent years, per the list below.
If you know of any additions or updates that should be listed here, please let us know!
Note, though, that this page is meant to be constrained in several important senses. First, it contains only empirical reports, not theoretical discussions.
Second, it contains only reports that themselves allege top-down effects, and not empirical challenges to such effects -- which our own lab has been producing of late.
In fact, this list was initially compiled in support of a forthcoming manifesto we have written, whose title will effectively convey our thesis: Cognition does not affect perception: Third, though the phrase "top-down" is used in a spectacular variety of ways across many literatures, this list covers only a single but important!
In particular, we are not listing studies that allege other sorts of "top-down" effects which do not bear on whether there is a salient joint in the mind between seeing and thinkingsuch as descriptions of descending neural pathways, cross-modal effects, perceptual learning, visual context effects, or demonstrations of hardwired "unconscious inferences" in vision.
We are also not including conference abstracts, manuscripts under review, etc. The studies below are listed in chronological order, and by alphabetical order within year.
Papers Since papers, 42 different journals Goldstone, R. Effects of categorization on color perception.
Psychological Science, 6, The looming of spiders: The fearful perceptual distortion of movement and menace. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 33, Top-down influences on stereoscopic depth-perception.
Nature Neuroscience, 1, Object recognition can drive motion perception.
Visual-motor recalibration in geographical slant perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 25, An illustration of graphemic restoration in visual word recognition. Differences in top-down influences on the reversal rate of different categories of reversible figures.
Chinese and Americans see opposite apparent motions in a Chinese character. Can semantic knowledge influence motion correspondence? Thirst modulates a perception. The influence of conceptual knowledge on visual discrimination. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 20, Do "Chinese and American see opposite apparent motions in a Chinese character"?
Tse and Cavanagh replicated and revised. Visual Cognition, 10, This thesis addresses the question of whether people actually see the same visual stimuli somehow differently, and under what conditions, if so. It is an experimental contribution to the basic understanding of visual and especially face perception, and its neural correlates, with an emphasis on comparing patterns of neural activity driven by visual stimuli across trials and across individuals.
factors (body sites) on consumers’ visual perceptions (duration of fixations and number of fixations) of garment fit, and to examine the effect of visual perception on consumers’ concern with fit judgment, confidence in fit judgment, and purchase.
MOTIVATED VISUAL PERCEPTION: HOW WE SEE WHAT WE WANT TO SEE Emily E.
Balcetis, Ph. D. Cornell University long before I finished writing this thesis. The research in Chapters 2, 3, and 4 was supported financially by National Institute of Mental Health Grant RO1 , awarded to David Dunning.
Reference Guide: Top-Down Effects of Cognition on Perception Last Updated: 4/15/17 Introduction This page contains a list of all published and in-press empirical reports since that allege the existence of so-called top-down effects of various types of cognition on visual perception.
The list below was initially compiled by Chaz Firestone, and it . AVIAN DIET AND VISUAL PERCEPTION SUGGESTS AVIAN PREDATION SELECTS FOR COLOR PATTERN MIMICRY IN BUMBLE BEES BY JOHN M.
MADDUX THESIS Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements. Visual perception and visual sensation are both interactive processes, although there is a significant difference between the two processes.
Sensation is defined as the stimulation of sense organs Visual sensation is a physiological process which means that it is the same for everyone.