Arts and Humanities, 9 cr.
Diversity in Living World What is living? Five kingdom classification; Salient features and classification of Monera; Protista and Fungi into major groups; Lichens; Viruses and Viroids.
Salient features and classification of plants into major groups- Algae, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperm and Angiosperm three to five salient and distinguishing features and at least two examples of each category ; Angiosperms- classification up to class, characteristic features and examples.
Salient features and classification of animals- non chordate up to phyla level and chordate up to classes level three to five salient features and at least two examples.
Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants Morphology and modifications; Tissues; Anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: Root, stem, leaf, inflorescence- cymose Yeast respiration coursework racemose, flower, fruit and seed To be dealt along with the relevant practical of the Practical Syllabus.
Animal tissues; Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive of an insect cockroach.
Brief account only III. Cell Structure and Function Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life; Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell; Plant cell and animal cell; Cell envelope, cell membrane, cell wall; Cell organelles— structure and function; Endomembrane system- endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles; mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, microbodies; Cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles ultra structure and function ; Nucleus—nuclear membrane, chromatin, nucleolus.
Chemical constituents of living cells: Biomolecules—structure and function of proteins, carbodydrates, lipid, nucleic acids; Enzymes—types, properties, enzyme action. Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance.
Plant Physiology Transport in plants: Movement of water, gases and nutrients; Cell to cell transport— Diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport; Plant — water relations— Imbibition, water potential, osmosis, plasmolysis; Long distance transport of water— Absorption, apoplast, symplast, transpiration pull, root pressure and guttation; Transpiration— Opening and closing of stomata; Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients— Transport of food, phloem transport, Mass flow hypothesis; Diffusion of gases brief mention.
Essential minerals, macro and micronutrients and their role; Deficiency symptoms; Mineral toxicity; Elementary idea of Hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition; Nitrogen metabolism — Nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation.
Exchange of gases; Cellular respiration — glycolysis, fermentation anaerobicTCA cycle and electron transport system aerobic ; Energy relations — Number of ATP molecules generated; Amphibolic pathways; Respiratory quotient.
Plant growth and development: Seed germination; Phases of plant growth and plant growth rate; Conditions of growth; Differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; Sequence of developmental process in a plant cell; Growth regulators—auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA; Seed dormancy; Vernalisation; Photoperiodism.
Human Physiology Digestion and absorption: Alimentary canal and digestive glands; Role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones; Peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Calorific value of proteins, carbohydrates and fats for box item not to be evaluated ; Egestion; Nutritional and digestive disorders— PEM, indigestion, constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhea.
Respiratory organs in animals recall only ; Respiratory system in humans; Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans— Exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration, Respiratory volumes; Disorders related to respiration-Asthma, Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders.
Body fluids and circulation: Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood; Composition of lymph and its function; Human circulatory system— Structure of human heart and blood vessels; Cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG; Double circulation; Regulation of cardiac activity; Disorders of circulatory system-Hypertension, Coronary artery disease, Angina pectoris, Heart failure.
Excretory products and their elimination: Modes of excretion —Ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; Human excretory system—structure and fuction; Urine formation, Osmoregulation; Regulation of kidney function— Renin-angiotensin, Atrial Natriuretic Factor, ADH and Diabetes insipidus; Role of other organs in excretion; Disorders-Uraemia, Renal failure, Renal calculi, Nephritis; Dialysis and artificial kidney.
Types of movement — ciliary, flagellar, muscular; Skeletal muscle — contractile proteins and muscle contraction; Skeletal system and its functions To be dealt with the relevant practical of Practical syllabus ; Joints; Disorders of muscular and skeletal system- Myasthenia gravis, Tetany, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Gout.
Neural control and coordination: Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in humans— central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and visceral nervous system; Generation and conduction of nerve impulse; Reflex action; Sensory perception; Sense organs; Elementary structure and function of eye and ear.
Chemical coordination and regulation: Endocrine glands and hormones; Human endocrine system- Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Pineal, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenal, Pancreas, Gonads; Mechanism of hormone action Elementary Idea ; Role of hormones as messengers and regulators, Hypo-and hyperactivity and related disorders Common disorders e.
Diseases related to all the human physiology systems to be taught in brief.Nov 02, · is and in to a was not you i of it the be he his but for are this that by on at they with which she or from had we will have an what been one if would who has her. Essay Writing Guide. Learn the art of brilliant essay writing with help from our teachers.
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CBSE Class 7 Science MCQs. Revision worksheets, Sample papers, Question banks and easy to learn study notes for all classes and subjects based on CBSE and CCE guidelines. GCSE Science Revision: GCSE Videos These videos cover the older outgoing GCSE Science spec which has final exams in These videos are aimed at the AQA spec but there is a lot of cross-over with other exam boards such as Edexcel.
Synesthesia is a perceptual phenomenon in which stimulation of one sensory or cognitive pathway leads to automatic, involuntary experiences in a second sensory or cognitive pathway.
People who report a lifelong history of such .